A left-wing environmentalist party against a controversial mining project received a transparent victory in Greenland’s parliamentary election earlier this month. With 36.6 % of the vote, Inuit Ataqatigiit (IA) was forward of Siumut, a social democratic party that has dominated politics within the Danish territory because it gained autonomy in 1979. IA chief Mute Egede, 34, stated in a put up to Facebook: “The people have spoken.
“Your belief commits us to an incredible duty which we are going to attempt to satisfy.”
Traditionally in favour of a socialist economic system, the party has been criticised from the left for having regularly moved in direction of a capitalist method, supporting a market economic system and privatisation.
IA believes that an unbiased Greenland ought to be aggressive whereas preventing to maintain the setting clear.
For this motive, the party may discover itself on a collision course with the European Union, whose fish populations proceed to be over-exploited.
In 1982, it was IA who efficiently campaigned in a nationwide referendum for Greenland to depart the European Economic Community (EEC), the precursor to the EU.
As a part of the Danish Kingdom, Greenland joined what was then the EEC in 1973 however, not lengthy after its entry, the territory began preventing for independence.
Greenlandic fishermen resented watching their fish shares being hoovered up by manufacturing unit trawlers from different member states.
Soon after the 2016 Brexit referendum, former Greenland Prime Minister Lars-Emil Johansen, recalled that quitting the forerunner to as we speak’s EU in 1985 had provoked a political storm in his nation and that the method took three prolonged years.
However, the storm was quickly adopted by financial progress as soon as Greenland was freed from Brussels.
Mr Johansen stated: “It was an enormous deal for home politics in Greenland.
“The doomsday prophets stated that Greenland could by no means get an exit deal that might be as helpful because the circumstances below EEC membership.
“We had to do a lot of waiting.”
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Mr Johansen famous that it was solely after Greenland had left the bloc that the economic system expanded and opponents had been confirmed fallacious.
Since then, Greenland’s leaders have constantly stated that they’re happy with the choice to depart.
In a 2013 interview with the BBC, former Prime Minister of Greenland Kuupik Kleist stated life outdoors the EU was good and that, after a profitable negotiation with the bloc, the nation was left considerably higher off.
He claimed Greenland had free entry to the European markets for his exports however, when requested about different exported items, he answered with amusing.
He stated: “We don’t export anything else but the fish.
“”We have common conferences with the [European] Parliament, and the European Union is considered one of our worldwide companions – an vital associate, and vital for commerce.
“But at the moment, there’s no serious consideration for rejoining the European Union.”
In the next negotiations Greenlanders agreed to offer the EU restricted fishing quotas in trade for funding – a deal that took three years to hammer out.
Aqqaluk Lynge, who was a part of the negotiating staff, informed BBC: “It was very difficult for the European Union and the Europeans to understand why we wanted to get out and why we didn’t want their money.
“But the very fact is that there was no money.
“There was minimal investment in infrastructure which we needed badly.
“That’s why we could see there was no financial motive to remain.”
Greenland then remains connected to the EU as a group of recognised overseas countries and territories (OCT) that includes Guadeloupe and the Canary Islands.
The EU remains the country’s biggest export market.
Bryce Stewart, a marine ecologist and fisheries biologist at the University of York, told Rear Vision: “Greenland halibut and prawns are the mainstay of the Greenland fishery.
“These are cold water prawns, so a bit different from the ones in Australia, but very valuable and very popular in European markets.
“So though they’re unbiased from Europe, they do truly enable some European boats to fish of their waters, and that is a trade-off to offer them entry to the European export market that their fisheries truly depend on.”
IA might not be as lenient with the bloc, though.
Ending overfishing by 2020 and restoring all fish stocks above healthy, productive levels was a cornerstone goal in the 2013 reform of the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) – the main law regulating EU fisheries.
However, over six years have elapsed since then, and despite some long-term progress, the EU and its member states have missed the deadline, leaving many stocks struggling far below sustainable levels.