Health

Weight loss surgical procedure: A dietician’s tips on a bariatric diet to avoid weight gain

Dietitan Dr Karolina Bauraite cautioned that some folks regain up to 25 p.c of the weight they lost inside 10 years of surgical procedure. Thus, it’s key for sufferers to build a wholesome relationship with meals following the operation. Immediately after surgical procedure, sufferers undergo 4 dietary levels: liquids, purées, tender meals, after which stable meals. “After the first month after surgery, bariatric patients are recommended to choose soft foods, such as thick soups, and stews,” stated Dr Bauraite.

Patients should additionally study to “chew the food well”, however the “real work starts in the second month”.

This is when a particular person wants to make changes to their life-style; they have to create new consuming habits and stick to them for the remainder of their lives.

Common errors sufferers make following surgical procedure:

  • Rushing by meals
  • Not ingesting sufficient water
  • Not chewing effectively sufficient
  • Not consuming sufficient proteins
  • Returning to dry, stable meals too quickly.

Dr Bauraite recommends that sufferers go over the post-operative diet (the 4 levels) slowly.

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How lengthy to spend on every stage

The NHS recommends that a “typical plan” includes the primary few days consuming solely water and fluids, akin to skinny soup.

Then for 4 weeks afterwards, runny meals is allowed, akin to yoghurt or puréed meals.

Then from week 4 to week six, tender meals could be added into the combo, akin to mashed potato.

Then from six weeks onwards, you possibly can “gradually” return to a wholesome, balanced diet.

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Dr Bauraite suggested that every meal ought to take no less than half hour to eat, and other people mustn’t eat or drink something half-hour earlier than and after meals.

People ought to adhere to consuming three most important meals per day, and one to two pre-planned snacks, the dietitian added.

Dr Bauraite additionally says that in case you are already full, there isn’t a purpose to end your meal.

“The meals should be balanced and contain protein, complex carbs, and healthy fats,” she stated.

Who will get weight loss surgical procedure?

Weight loss surgical procedure is offered on the NHS when:

  • You have a physique mass index (BMI) of 40 or extra
  • You’ve tried diets and train with out success
  • You agree to longer-term follow-up appointments after surgical procedure.

The commonest forms of weight loss surgical procedure are: the gastric band, the gastric bypass, and the sleeve gastrectomy.

A gastric band is positioned across the abdomen, so you do not want to eat as a lot to really feel full.

Meanwhile, a gastric bypass is when the highest a part of the abdomen is joined to the small gut.

This will make you are feeling fuller a lot sooner, and you wouldn’t soak up as many energy from meals.

Then the sleeve gastrectomy is when a few of the abdomen is eliminated, so you’re unable to eat as a lot as you as soon as did, and also you’d really feel fuller a lot sooner.

“All these operations can lead to significant weight loss within a few years, but each has advantages and disadvantages,” the NHS added.

In addition to following a wholesome balanced diet following surgical procedure, you’ll need to train often and attend follow-up appointments along with your physician.

Dr Karolina Bauraite is a bariatric dietitian at Nordbariatric Clinic.

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