According to an official study, people working from home during lockdown spend more time in their jobs and are less likely to get promoted or ill, but are paid above average wages.
Documenting changes in remote work during the pandemic, The Office for National Statistics People said that the number of people doing some work at home in 2020 increased to 35.9% from 9.4 percentage points a year earlier – representing more than 11 million employees.
However, there were substantial variations between parts of the country and occupations, reflecting differing experiences of epidemics for workers as some were harder to deal with than others.
Although most people suggested that travel to work continued during the epidemic, the figures show a distinct effect on homework. According to the research, office studies, those using converted bedroom workplaces and kitchen tables did two-thirds more unpaid overtime in 2020, and were more likely to work after 6 pm.
However, they were generally higher qualified and better paid, took longer and more frequent breaks, and started work later in the day.
Home-based staff took less than half the amount of sick leave with two days compared to four for other employees, indicating a lower risk of catching an infection. ONS said that people can also feel better working from home when they do not have to travel.
But when there is no daily commute and clearly no more flexibility, research found that people who work continuously from home are less likely to promote, in a sign that face-to-face with colleagues and managers They can be ignored due to reduced interaction.
The study comes in the form of companies in advanced economies, which adapt to rapid working methods by epidemics, facilitated by technological development, zoom and video conferencing, and more permanent changes to where employees are based after lockdown. Let’s consider.
Taking new questions on workers’ rights, career development and macroeconomic performance, many businesses, including JPMorgan and HSBC, have said that thousands of workers may never return to office, while HSBC told the Financial Times Got rid of the executive floor As part of a move to make the skyscraper on its Canary Wharf more remote.
But in an indication of the growth of the two-speed jobs market, the ONS said that some were more likely to work from home than others.
According to the study, at 43% of the local workforce, London had the highest rate of people working from home, while Northern Ireland had the lowest at 26%. Many areas of Scotland and the north of England also had lower rates.
Places with lower rates in England included Thurrock, Birmingham, Lincolnshire and Blackpool, while Edinburgh and the Orkney Islands had a higher share of people working from home than in the rest of Scotland.
London has a higher proportion of jobs in finance and professional services where it is possible to work from home unlike other parts of the country. However, the ONS found that London and the South-East still have a higher homeworking ratio than other parts of the country after adjusting for industry mix, with other factors suggesting that may be at play.
Determining the epidemic’s different experiences for white and blue collar employees, the study revealed that 62% of IT and communications employees worked from home for at least some time last year, the most in any field. More than half of the employees in financial services were in the same position, along with professional, scientific and technical activities.
In contrast, just 12.3% of employees in housing and food services – including pubs, hotels and restaurants – worked from home. Levels were the same for retail, transport and storage.
Employees in warehouses, shops and factories have either been fooled or have lost their jobs in greater numbers in the midst of an economic downturn amid the prospect of being able to work from home.
According to trade-unions, low-paid employees and precarious jobs, often at the borderline of a health emergency, are more likely to die with the Kovid-19, according to trade unions calling for higher-ill pay. Those need to be self-segregated.