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EU nationals leaving the UK account for an enormous lower in web migration in Britain in 2021, new Office for National Statistics (ONS) data has revealed, exhibiting folks leaving in droves in the aftermath of Brexit and the coronavirus pandemic. Data shows that 12,000 extra European residents from bloc international locations left the UK final year than the variety of those that arrived in the year to June 2021. This was in comparison with a web improve of 24,000 in the earlier year vary, which included six months of free motion in the course of the Brexit transition interval, and 9 months earlier than COVID-19 journey restrictions got here into play in March 2020.
While the data shows an enormous EU exodus, the ONS was eager to reiterate that the pandemic meant it had been compelled to vary its strategies of data assortment, which means the figures could possibly be barely warped in comparison with pre-pandemic data units.
Jay Lindop, director of its Centre for International Migration, stated: “The 12 months to June 2021 was a period when migration behaviour was impacted by the restrictions imposed to manage the coronavirus pandemic as well as ongoing changes in migration policy following Brexit.
“Bringing collectively the perfect sources of data now we have out there, our newest estimates of web migration recommend that round 239,000 extra folks got here to the UK than left, pushed by non-EU immigration.
“Due to the data collection challenges posed by the pandemic, we’ve used new, experimental, methods to produce today’s numbers and these will be finessed over the coming months as more data becomes available, including census numbers.
EU nationals: Many of those from bloc countries have left the UK since Brexit and COVID-19
Priti Patel: The Home Secretary has been criticised following the release of the data
“While the figures give a snapshot of migration in the course of the pandemic, they shouldn’t be in contrast with historic tendencies and are topic to vary.”
Despite this, previous data, collected differently, also showed a fall in the number of EU nationals in the UK — in the second quarter of 2019 and 2020, for example.
However, before that, the last time the figure was negative was in 1991 when the EU was a fraction of its present size.
Many more people and EU nationals were encouraged to work in Britain before Brexit when a strong demand in the labour market coupled with an increase in wages made for an attractive environment.
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Migration: EU migration to the UK has dropped considerably, as per the graphi
But wages have since stagnated, and over the past two years, the number of EU nationals working in the UK has fallen by 211,000.
This contrasts with the number of non-EU nationals working in the UK rising by 182,000.
Employers now face more difficulties when hiring workers from abroad due to new visa requirements, meaning filling empty roles with cheap labour has become harder.
Michael Saunders, a Bank of England policymaker, told the Daily Mail that Brexit could be “limiting the extent to which home capability strains and particular talent shortages might be eased by means of imports and inward migration”.
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Non-EU migration: Those coming from non-EU countries, meanwhile, continues to soar
Ukraine: Conflict in Ukraine and the crisis in Afghanistan has contributed to to the spike
Elsewhere in the data, which was provided by the Home Office, it was revealed that more than one million foreign nationals have been allowed to live in the UK, the highest figure in modern history.
It has led many Conservative MPs to accuse the Government of failing to deliver its Brexit promises.
The data showed that the number of visas handed out — to workers, students, family relatives and other foreign nationals — had increased by 35 percent to 994,951 in the year to March, up from a pre-pandemic high of 739,936.
With the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine and Afghanistan in mind, a further 15,451 people were granted asylum as the number applying for refuge in Britain shot up by almost 45 percent to 65,008.
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This determine is the very best since trendy data started in 2005, and could be the largest quantity since World War 2.
According to the Daily Telegraph, greater than 24 Tory MPs have now written to the Home Secretary Priti Patel to ask her why the Government has not delivered on its Brexit promise of taking management of the nation’s borders.
In a letter, they stated: “Of course, there are exceptional circumstances regarding Ukraine and Hong Kong.
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“But the reality of such a drastic increase undeniably undermines our promise to reduce immigration numbers.
“As you have grasped, mass immigration only pays lip service to the concept of ‘control’.
“True control balances any need for high-skilled immigration with building a sustainable domestic workforce and the inevitable consequences of mass migration on societal cohesion, our housing and job markets, wage suppression and pressure on public services.”