Are lingering Covid symptoms like shortness of breath and chest pain linked to heart illness?

Dr Sarah Mason-Whitfield wasn’t too fearful when she examined optimistic for Covid-19 in March final year.

The London-based GP, 46, found she had the virus after taking a routine lateral circulation check. Just days earlier than, she’d acquired her second Pfizer vaccine dose. 

‘I wasn’t feeling nice after my jab, so I didn’t discover I used to be in poor health at first,’ she says.

Within days, the married mother-of-one’s symptoms worsened.

‘I was incredibly fatigued and had really awful muscle pains,’ she says. She consigned herself to mattress, hoping that relaxation would assist.

But whereas the muscle pain eased, after two weeks, new symptoms started to plague her. 

‘I realised I couldn’t sit up in mattress for longer than ten minutes with out feeling actually dizzy. And after I tried to arise, I felt a decent higher chest pain.’

As the weeks went on, the dizziness and chest pain didn’t disappear.

In truth, Dr Mason-Whitfield, who had by then positioned herself on sick go away, realised it was getting worse. A household physician with a long time of expertise, she started to contemplate her personal medical analysis.

‘If I tried to do simple tasks like wipe the kitchen table, it would set it off. It felt like someone was tightening a belt around my ribs, and the pain would shoot up into the back of my mouth and my teeth. 

‘They were classic cardiac discomfort – the kind of symptoms you’d anticipate with a heart drawback like angina or one thing worse.’

Dr Mason-Whitfield went to her native speedy entry chest pain clinic, an NHS service that permits individuals with chest pain who may be in danger of heart assault to get pressing care. 

However, she was refused an appointment. ‘I was told since I’d had Covid, I didn’t qualify for the clinic, as a result of chest pain was such a standard symptom of the an infection.’

Still struggling in June, the NHS physician booked a personal appointment with a heart specialist. 

There, she was put by way of a quantity of frequent heart exams, together with an angiogram, a particular sort of X-ray that makes use of dye injected into the blood to enable docs to have a look at the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that provide the heart.

Problems within the coronary arteries are sometimes related to circumstances reminiscent of heart assault and stroke.

An angiogram may flag up angina, chest pain brought on by diminished blood circulation to the heart muscular tissues. But Dr Mason-Whitfield’s angiogram confirmed no issues – her coronary arteries have been clear.

She wasn’t glad. ‘My symptoms were so bad that even a gust of cold wind, making me tense up, would set off excruciating chest pain. I knew something was seriously wrong.’

Her personal heart specialist subsequent instructed a check often called a stress perfusion MRI, which examines the blood circulation to the heart each at relaxation and below stress. It’s a sophisticated process and will not be accessible at many NHS hospitals.

Luckily, Dr Mason-Whitfield was in a position to pay the £300 value, and the outcomes offered an answer.

The scan confirmed that, below stress, blood was failing to circulation by way of the smallest blood vessels supplying the heart, ravenous the muscle of oxygen. This is called microvascular angina, and it’s notoriously exhausting to diagnose.

‘It suddenly all made sense,’ says Dr Mason-Whitfield. 

‘This explained the pain. My heart wasn’t working correctly and nobody at first might spot why.’

In February, a major US study found that even a mild case of Covid can increases a person’s risk of heart problems for at least a year after their diagnosis. Researchers found that patients with Covid were more likely to suffer a range of cardiovascular conditions including abnormal heart rhythms, heart muscle inflammation, blood clots and heart attacks. [File image]

In February, a significant US examine discovered that even a light case of Covid can will increase an individual’s danger of heart issues for not less than a year after their analysis. Researchers discovered that sufferers with Covid have been extra doubtless to undergo a variety of cardiovascular circumstances together with irregular heart rhythms, heart muscle irritation, blood clots and heart assaults. [File image]

For anybody battling long-term ill-health in consequence of a Covid an infection, Dr Mason-Whitfield’s story will make worrying studying.

It can also be not an remoted case. In February, a significant US examine discovered that even a light case of Covid can will increase an individual’s danger of heart issues for not less than a year after their analysis.

Researchers discovered that sufferers with Covid have been extra doubtless to undergo a variety of cardiovascular circumstances together with irregular heart rhythms, heart muscle irritation, blood clots and heart assaults.

The examine, which noticed greater than 150,000 American military veterans and was printed by Washington University in St Louis, Missouri, confirmed Covid victims have been 72 per cent extra doubtless to undergo heart failure – a debilitating and quickly worsening situation wherein the heart stops pumping successfully, ravenous the physique of oxygen.

They have been additionally 52 per cent extra doubtless to have a stroke. 

More alarming, the danger was elevated even for individuals who have been below 65 and had no different heart illness danger elements, reminiscent of weight problems or diabetes.

St Louis-based epidemiologist and examine writer Dr Ziyad Al-Aly mentioned that he started to suspect a hyperlink between Covid and heart issues in the beginning of the pandemic.

‘At that time, none of us knew anything about long Covid.


Heart disease deaths rose by nearly 15 per cent between 2020 and 2021, thought to be due mainly to missed diagnoses. 

‘Over several weeks, we started hearing about patients who were not fully recovering and had lingering issues, including heart problems.’

NHS heart specialists talking to The Mail on Sunday say UK hospitals are seeing an analogous sample.

‘It’s turn into clear that individuals who undergo a nasty bout of Covid are extra doubtless to expertise harmful heart issues within the months after,’ says Dr Fozia Ahmed, marketing consultant heart specialist on the Manchester Heart Centre.

‘But since the beginning of the pandemic we’ve additionally seen an inflow of youthful sufferers affected by heart issues, who solely had delicate circumstances. These are individuals who you wouldn’t anticipate to have heart points.

‘Thankfully, we’re seeing fewer of these sufferers now that almost all of individuals are vaccinated, however what this has proven is that there’s a clear relationship between Covid and heart issues.’

One heart situation is already well-known for its hyperlink to Covid: myocarditis, a uncommon situation wherein muscular tissues within the heart turn into quickly infected, inflicting chest pain, breathlessness, a pounding pulse and nausea.

Karen Cook, 59, from West Sussex, was diagnosed with a painful heart condition four months after catching Covid. The clinical pharmacy manager caught the virus in March 2020 and suffered severe breathlessness and fatigue for a week

Karen Cook, 59, from West Sussex, was identified with a painful heart situation 4 months after catching Covid. The medical pharmacy supervisor caught the virus in March 2020 and suffered extreme breathlessness and fatigue for every week

‘They do not know what’s fallacious with me’

Suzanne Rolf says she was ‘a normal, fit, active mum’ earlier than she caught Covid. 

Today, nearly a year on, she has been left battling a raft of mysterious symptoms, together with crushing fatigue, breathlessness and a racing pulse – and docs appear unable to discover the trigger.

Suzanne examined optimistic final June. She was 37 weeks pregnant along with her second little one. 

Suzanne Rolf, 34, from Warrington, was a 'normal, fit and active mum' before she caught Covid and has been left battling a raft of mysterious symptoms a year on

Suzanne Rolf, 34, from Warrington, was a ‘regular, match and energetic mum’ earlier than she caught Covid and has been left battling a raft of mysterious symptoms a year on

‘I hadn’t been vaccinated, as they’d solely simply mentioned it was protected for pregnant ladies,’ recollects the accountant from Warrington, 34.

‘I was being careful, but I caught it anyway.’

Having suffered ‘a few cold symptoms’, she recovered and went to hospital to have her son, who’s now 9 months previous, by caesarean part.

‘During the operation my blood pressure dropped really low,’ Suzanne says. ‘I have been really poorly ever since.

‘Every time I stand up, my heart races and I feel dreadful. At first, I could barely hold my son, I was so exhausted.’

Suzanne was instructed she had postural tachycardia syndrome, or PoTS, a time period for an abnormally elevated heart rate, however no trigger has been discovered. 

‘I’ve had exams and they inform me my heart’s regular. I’m below the care of a protracted Covid clinic, however they’ve no concept what’s fallacious.’

She longs to uncover whether or not heart issues are inflicting her symptoms, and to discover some therapy. ‘It’s exhausting to keep optimistic,’ she says.

Early studies instructed there was a small danger of younger males creating the situation after vaccination – and for that reason, the Government at first selected to provide 12-to-15-year-olds just one Covid jab.

However, research have since discovered that myocarditis, which normally is fortunately short-term, is way extra doubtless to be brought on by the virus itself than the vaccine.

Many docs level out that viral infections generally trigger transient irritation within the heart.

In most circumstances it will get higher. But it might, in a minority of sufferers, lead to extra everlasting or extreme issues.

The phenomenon throughout the pandemic, although worrying, was anticipated. ‘People who present with heart problems have often experienced the flu or a cold in the months prior,’ says Dr Malcolm Finlay, marketing consultant heart specialist at Barts Heart Centre in London.

‘It tends to be that, although they thought they were healthy, in actual fact they were on the cusp of heart problems, and the infection tipped them over the edge.

‘There’s been an enormous quantity of Covid about, so it stands to motive that, particularly early on when nobody had any immunity to the virus, there have been going to be extra heart issues as end result.

‘It’s unclear whether or not Covid has any particular influence on the heart which different infections don’t have.’

While many sufferers who’ve developed heart issues following a Covid an infection have acquired a analysis, and been handled, it’s doable there are hundreds nonetheless struggling who haven’t had a correct analysis.

According to the Office for National Statistics, there are at the moment nearly 700,000 Britons affected by symptoms which have lingered for a year or extra after the preliminary Covid an infection.

In many circumstances, no bodily trigger could be discovered – however might this be as a result of sufferers aren’t being given the proper exams? 

Shortness of breath and chest pain are sometimes reported by these with lengthy Covid, and these are frequent indicators of heart illnesses.

Cardiologists we spoke to imagine many lengthy Covid sufferers could also be affected by undiagnosed heart circumstances. Dr Rae Duncan, a heart specialist at The Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, says: ‘I ran one of the first dedicated cardiac wards for Covid patients in the UK, and what appears to be becoming clear is that Covid increases the chance of blood clots forming and causes inflammation in the blood vessels.

‘Standard long Covid clinics are not equipped to diagnose or treat these sorts of serious conditions, and it is likely things are being missed.’

Dr Mason-Whitfield believes her situation, microvascular angina, might be one trigger of lengthy Covid.

‘I know other doctors who, like me, have pushed for a diagnosis and have been told they have microvascular angina. It’s doable that there are hundreds of others on the market with this.’

The situation could be handled. Dr Mason-Whitfield’s heart specialist prescribed her diltiazem, a drug that dilates blood vessels, permitting extra blood to circulation by way of.

‘My symptoms have vastly improved since I started taking it,’ she says. ‘My breathlessness has gone, as has my chest pain. Even my other long Covid symptoms, like brain fog and nerve pain, have reduced.’

The Washington University researchers' graph shows heart risk of developing heart conditions compared to those who have not been infected (centre panel). A purple dot to the right of the vertical line signals an increased risk compared to the uninfected. The right panel shows how this increased risk translates into an increase in cases for each heart complication

The Washington University researchers’ graph reveals heart danger of creating heart circumstances in contrast to those that haven’t been contaminated (centre panel). A purple dot to the proper of the vertical line alerts an elevated danger in contrast to the uninfected. The proper panel reveals how this elevated danger interprets into a rise in circumstances for every heart complication 

Other docs say the idea deserves consideration. Dr Ahmed mentioned: ‘With long Covid there could be many causes of chest pain, and people have been ruling out scarring in the lungs or blocked major arteries in the heart.

‘Rarer conditions like microvascular angina should be explored too.’

However, she provides that the situation isn’t one thing that many cardiologists instantly check for, saying: ‘You’d have to be actively fascinated about it to search for it.’

Another drawback, docs say, is that there’s a lack of specialist tools to diagnose microvascular angina. ‘You need a cardiac MRI machine to perform a perfusion stress test, and many NHS hospitals don’t have one,’ says Dr Duncan, who additionally agrees the situation might account for a big proportion of chest pains in lengthy Covid sufferers.

‘When someone with long Covid goes into hospital complaining of heart pain, they’ll get a fundamental heart scan, which may’t choose up adjustments that small.’

Dr Mason-Whitfield provides that lengthy Covid sufferers are sometimes disregarded by clinicians, which can clarify why they aren’t getting the proper exams.

‘It took so much work to get my diagnosis and I’m an skilled senior physician. If we’re getting this nonsense, then how does most of the people stand an opportunity?’

One living proof is Karen Cook, 59, from West Sussex, who was identified with a painful heart situation 4 months after catching Covid.

The medical pharmacy supervisor caught the virus in March 2020 and suffered extreme breathlessness and fatigue for every week.

‘After eight days, I went back to work at the hospital. I didn’t really feel proper, however we have been so understaffed I didn’t really feel like I had a alternative and so I struggled by way of the primary couple of months.’

Soon after going again, her respiration difficulties returned, and she started to really feel tightness in her chest.

However, the mother-of-two’s GP repeatedly refused to refer her to a heart specialist.

‘She said it was all stress from work and I just needed to rest.’

Karen took six weeks off work to get well, however when she resumed, she immediately realised that she nonetheless wasn’t effectively. ‘I pushed for a heart review at the hospital where I worked and got an appointment with the cardiologist.


Vaccinated people are far less likely to suffer heart problems after having Covid, according to a study at Washington University. 

‘Luckily, I knew him well and he instantly realised I wasn’t proper.

‘I was fit and healthy, I used to do Zumba, and there I was, not able to get up a flight of stairs.’

Karen’s heart specialist despatched her for an MRI scan, which instantly flagged pericarditis, an irritation within the fluid-filled sac that surrounds the heart.

While not instantly a severe well being drawback, left untreated pericarditis can lead to extra harmful circumstances reminiscent of heart failure.

Karen was instructed to relaxation in mattress for a month, and her symptoms started to enhance, however in February 2021, they all of the sudden returned.

‘I wasn’t getting the chest pains any extra, however my physique was aching and I used to be nonetheless breathless,’ she says.

Further scans revealed that Karen had developed a quantity of blood clots in her lungs.

Doctors began her on the blood-thinning drug warfarin, and she is going to probably want to take it for the remainder of her life.

‘They think that Covid has triggered an autoimmune condition, which means my blood clots really easily now, so I’ll have to maintain taking the medicine simply in case.’

Karen has additionally developed a extreme sensitivity to daylight, which means she should put on sun shades outdoor.

‘It’s solely as a result of I pushed that something received finished. If I’d simply relied on my GP, I wouldn’t have gotten anyplace. I actually fear concerning the sufferers on the market who’re being disregarded.’

Many docs imagine vaccines imply that fewer of these circumstances will happen to any extent further.

‘We were seeing lots of serious heart problems connected with Covid infections during the first and second waves of the pandemic, but it’s actually settled down since then,’ says Dr Ahmed.

‘This is no doubt due to the vaccines, but also because of the mildness of the Omicron variant.’

However, others level out that lengthy Covid sufferers will proceed to undergo till they will obtain efficient therapy.

‘If you don’t do the proper exams, you gained’t get the proper solutions,’ says Dr Duncan.

‘Patients are being told to go away and rest, and it’ll all kind itself out, when it clearly gained’t. We know there are remedies that may assist circumstances like microvascular angina, however you want to know what you’re treating, and at the moment most lengthy Covid diagnoses are successfully being finished at nighttime.’

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